Petroleum jelly is thick substance known as petrolatum or Vaseline (a brand name), is a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons, having a smooth texture and a high melting point and made from petroleum, a naturally occurring substance that is obtained from crude oil. Petroleum jelly is colorless or slightly yellowish and is odorless. It has a wide range of applications due to its unique properties.
It is commonly used as a moisturizer and protectant for the skin. It forms a barrier on the skin, helping to lock in moisture and protect it from drying out, making it useful for dry or chapped skin, as well as for soothing minor cuts, burns, and irritations. It is also used in cosmetic products such as lip balms, lotions, and creams.
It has been widely used for over a century and is considered safe for most people when used as directed. However, it is important to follow instructions and avoid using it on broken or infected skin, as well as to be aware of any potential allergies or sensitivities.
This is the most common grade of jelly and is widely used in cosmetic and personal care products. It is highly refined and purified to remove impurities, color, and odor, resulting in a white or off-white color. White petroleum jelly is typically used for skin moisturization, lip balms, and other cosmetic applications.
This grade of vaseline is less refined than white petroleum jelly and may contain some impurities, resulting in a yellowish color. Yellow petroleum jelly is commonly used in industrial applications, such as as a lubricant for machinery, rust prevention, and protection of metal surfaces.
Medical grade of PJ is highly purified and meets specific standards for use in medical and pharmaceutical applications. It is often used as a lubricant for medical equipment, as an ingredient in medicinal products, and for wound care.
Food grade of jelly is specifically formulated and approved for use in food processing and packaging applications. It meets strict standards for purity and safety, and is used as a lubricant, moisture barrier, or release agent in food processing and packaging.
Raw PJ type of petroleum jelly is less processed and may contain more impurities, resulting in a yellowish or amber color. It is typically used in industrial or commercial applications where the specific properties of petroleum jelly are needed, but color or odor may not be a concern.
Product , such as Vaseline, has a wide range of uses due to its versatile properties. Here are some common ways petroleum jelly can be used:
Jars: It is often packaged in plastic or glass jars with screw-on or snap-on lids. Jars are commonly used for cosmetic-grade, as they provide a convenient and hygienic way to store and dispense the product.
Tubes: It can also be packaged in plastic or metal tubes with screw-on caps or flip-top caps. Tubes are commonly used for cosmetic-grade, as they are portable, easy to use, and allow for precise application.
Tubs or tubs with pumps: It can be packaged in larger plastic or metal tubs with pump dispensers for industrial or commercial use. These types of packaging are commonly used for industrial-grade petroleum jelly, as they are suitable for larger quantities and ease of dispensing in industrial settings.
Squeeze bottles: It can be packaged in plastic squeeze bottles with flip-top caps or twist-open caps for easy dispensing. Squeeze bottles are commonly used for food-grade petroleum jelly or pharmaceutical-grade, as they allow for controlled dispensing in food processing or pharmaceutical applications.
Bulk packaging: It can also be packaged in larger containers, such as drums, pails, or barrels, for industrial or commercial use. Bulk packaging is commonly used for industrial-grade petroleum jelly, where larger quantities are needed for manufacturing or other industrial applications.
Industrial-grade, often referred to as industrial vaseline, is used in a variety of industrial applications due to its lubricating, sealing, and protective properties. Some common industrial applications of petroleum jelly include:
Petroleum jelly can be used as a lubricant for various machinery and equipment, including gears, bearings, hinges, and sliding parts. It helps reduce friction, prevent wear and tear, and extend the lifespan of moving parts in industrial machinery.
Petroleum jelly can be used as a barrier to protect metal surfaces from rust and corrosion. It can be applied to metal surfaces exposed to moisture, saltwater, or other corrosive substances, to prevent oxidation and corrosion.
Petroleum jelly can be used to create a seal or gasket in industrial applications where a waterproof or airtight barrier is needed. It can be applied to threads, joints, or connections to prevent leaks or to create a barrier against dust, dirt, or moisture.
Petroleum jelly is sometimes used as an insulating material in electrical applications, where it can provide a moisture-resistant barrier and prevent electrical conductivity between components or wires.
Petroleum jelly can be used as a release agent in molding or casting processes, where it helps to prevent sticking or adhesion of materials to molds or other surfaces.
Petroleum jelly can be used to condition leather and rubber materials, helping to soften and protect them from drying out or cracking in industrial applications such as leather processing, rubber manufacturing, or automotive maintenance.
Medical-grade petroleum jelly, often referred to as medical vaseline, is a type of PJ that is formulated and processed to meet specific standards for medical or healthcare use. It is typically used in medical and healthcare settings for various purposes due to its safety, hypoallergenic properties, and versatility. Here are some common medical applications of petroleum jelly:
Kinematic viscosity at 100 ˚C
Cone Penetration @ 25 ˚C
Drop melting point
130-140 (0.1 mm)
Min 210 ˚C
120-130 (0.1 mm)
Max 0.5 Y
Min 210 ˚C
120-130 (0.1 mm)
Max 0.7 Y
Min 210 ˚C